3. Climate change impacts II

Health issues and heat waves

In this lecture, we cover a first type of direct impacts :

  • The impacts on freshwater availability
  • The increase in heat wave risk

Adaptation to these impacts are important elements of adaptation strategies of numerous cities around the world.

Required reading

Why avoiding climate change ‘maladaptation’ is vital (2021).

Freshwater availability

To know more

  • A C40 webpage about freshwater availability in various cities across the world.
  • On C40 website, examples of adaptation policies in:
  • To know more about water and climate change in Paris, see this document [in French].


Heatwaves and health issues

Adaptation to heatwaves

To know more

More resources on heat and adaptation: