7. Cross-cutting issues II
Urban form and land planning
In this lecture, we discuss an important part of urban policies: land planning. Land planning plays a key role to get adapted to climate change impacts, but also to reduce emissions, and to mitigate losses in ecosystem services. It also plays a key role on social and economic issues. How can we conciliate all these questions? Are there synergies and trade-offs?
The spatial organization of cities: Deliberate outcome or unforeseen consequence? a 2004 article by Alain Bertaud. We will discuss this paper during the class (NB: you will study these questions in depth in the second semester in the Urban Ecomomics class).
Urban planning and urban design
- https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2015/feb/11/tale-four-cities-london-delhi-tokyo-bogota-data (original study is here: https://lsecities.net/archives/category/research-projects/resource-urbanisms)
- https://lsecities.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/the-electric-city-newspaper.pdf page 16 to 22
The “window of opportunity”
- Ürge-Vorsatz, Diana, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Richard J. Dawson, Roberto Sanchez Rodriguez, Xuemei Bai, Aliyu Salisu Barau, Karen C. Seto, and Shobhakar Dhakal. 2018. “Locking in Positive Climate Responses in Cities.” Nature Climate Change 8 (3): 174.
Should we promnote urban density?
- [In French] A short report on the density of different neighborhoods in Paris Metropolitan Area (Île de France Région), with a historical perspective. Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3.
Urban planning and transport
To know more
- Nice comparisons between cities characteristics: Urban Observatory .
- More generally, several publications by LSE cities examine these issues.
- A book by Alain Bertaud: “Order without Design, How Markets Shape Cities”
- If you want to see an example of a planning document, you can have a look at the master plan of Paris metropolitan region (Schéma directeur de la région Île de France) [in French]. The summary map is available here.